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Malignant tumors of the skin (skin cancer)

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Malignant tumors of the skin (skin cancer)
Malignant tumors of the skin (skin cancer) are classified by origin into epithelial (basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma) and melanocytic (melanoma). Epithelial tumors account for three-fourths of all skin malignancies, whereas melanoma – for one-fourth (more information on melanoma can be found in the following chapters: Early Diagnosis of Melanoma and SIAscopy). According to the data of the Lithuanian Cancer Registry, the incidence of epithelial tumors has begun to grow rapidly since 1993.

People who are over 40 considered to be the most susceptible to this disease, though the number of cases of skin cancer among younger patients has lately started to grow. People with skin type I and II (about 70% of the Lithuanian population), who like spending a lot of time sunbathing, are at a higher risk of developing cancer.

Skin cancer symptoms
In the majority of cases skin cancer occurs in those areas of the body which are mostly affected by sun rays: neck and face. Doubtless, the disease can develop in any other part of the body. Skin cancer can become apparent in different forms. A person should become concerned if he/she notices a small pink as well as hard nodule on the skin, or a dim, oval-shaped plate that is one or two millimeters raised on the skin. In addition, skin cancer may be suspected if a small reddish and flaky patch is visible. Sometimes one may suffer from minor bleeding of these formations. Although skin changes are not painful, they gradually increase. If these skin changes do not disappear within one month, it is necessary to consult a doctor to determine whether or not it is skin cancer.

Basal cell carcinoma (basalioma)
Basal cell carcinoma is the most frequent form of skin cancer. In 80% of the cases it appears on the face and neck. Local invasive growth is typical of such kind of tumor. In most cases there is a tumor form that spreads on the surface, or appears as a nodule.

 Basal cell carcinoma  Basalioma

 

 

Squamous cell carcinoma
About 20% of skin cancer cases are composed of squamous cell carcinoma. It has all the characteristics common to skin cancer: rapid development, local tissue damage, and metastasis via blood or a lymphatic system.

Early squamous cell skin cancer is well exposed to radical treatment; however, if the disease hasn’t been cured, then it requires combined and complex treatment, and may even end up with fatality. Similarly to the case with basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma is the most common among people who like sunbathing.

Skin cancer

 

 

 

Early squamous cell skin cancer responds favorably to radical treatment, but the treatment of neglected diseases in the form of combined and complex, and can be fatal. As in the case of basal cell, carcinoma is most common among people who do not avoid exposure to the sun.

Skin cancer diagnosis
Clinical and cytologic examination and/or tumor biopsy perform an important role in diagnosis establishment.

- Skin cancer treatment
- Medication-assisted treatment (MAT)
- Cryodestruction
- Laser destruction
- Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
- Radiotherapy
- Surgical treatment
- Combination of different treatment methods

Skin cancer treatment method is chosen by a physician, depending on the tumor type, its location, spread and general condition of the patient.

Practical recommendations
If the formation is observed for over 2 months and does not disappear with or without treatment, skin cancer should be suspected.

Our advantages
  • Admission is performed by Viktoras Sidorovas, the Doctor of Medical Science as well as oncology dermatologist who has worked for many years in the Institute of Oncology at Vilnius University and who has done a doctoral thesis defense on The Study on Cutaneous Melanoma Prognostic and Predictive Factors.
  • Aleksandras Mordas – a surgeon, oncologist, medical laser specialist who has thoroughly mastered all the diagnostic and treatment methods and who has been working from 2006. Since 2007 he has been a member of Lithuanian Association of Laser Medicine.
  • We specialize in early skin cancer diagnosis: one of the first in Lithuania (if not the first) who started applying SIAscopy for moles testing and diagnosis of early melanoma. Thousands of patients have already evaluated our center and the quality of the services we provide. They regularly visit our center to receive preventive care.
  • As we apply all of the most common skin cancer treatment methods – we will select the service that will produce the best result!